RUY LOPEZ - The Close Morphy Defence

Board Position
The most popular continuation of the old but strong Ruy Lopez or Spanish Opening (qv.), the opening where White's starting advantage is said to be held for longer than in any other game.
Often called just "The Close Defence", it is reached by Black's defensive 5..B-K2(e7) (move 5b, left) after the Morphy 3..P-QR3(a6), 4.B-R4(Ba4) bridge and White's castling response to Black's KKt. The move is also a direct alternative to the Open Morphy (qv.), the Archangel and other 6th move variants.
The main line below leads to Chigorin D. lines and can also lead to the closed Averbakh Variation, but the main alternative is for open play with the Marshall Counter-Attack (with its own Anti-Marshall line).

Begin or Clear or Groups or see move: 1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5 a6 4 Ba4 Nf6 5 0-0 to 5..Be7

6 Re1 b5 7 Bb3 7..d6 8 c3 to: 0-0 9 h3 Na5 (Chigorin D.) 10 Bc2 c5 11 d4 Qc7 12 Nbd2 cxd4 13 cxd4
7..0-0 8 c3 to: d5 9 exd5 Nxd5 10 Nxe5 Nxe5 11 Rxe5 c6! 12 d4 Bd6 13 Re1 Qh4