Board Position
The Petroff (or Russian Czarist) Defence is one of the standard king's pawn defences adopted by Black after initial steps along the "Épine Dorsale" (a set of moves common to several openings). FIrst analysed by Alexander Petroff (1794-1867) and Jaenisch. Board Position
Black answers the early KKt-attack on his KP by an direct counter-attack against White's KP (move 2b, left). Usually good for a draw with best play.
An early pawn exchange leads to open play (as shown by move 6b, right), while White often adopts increasingly artificial lines in order to avoid the drawing variations. Strategies include the Cochrane Gambit, the Jaenisch Variation, the Symmetrical Variation and the Russian Three Knights Variation.
Begin or Clear or Groups or see move: 1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nf6 to:

(Main:) 3 Nxe5 d6 4 Nf3 Nxe4 5 d4 d5 6 Bd3 Be7 7 0-0 Nc6 8 Re1 Bg4 9 c3 f5 10 Qb3 0-0
(Italian V:) 3 Bc4 Nxe4 (Boden-Kies.G:) 4 Nc3 Nxc3 5 dxc3 f6 6 0-0 Qe7 7.Re1 d6 8.Nd4 g6 9.f4 Bg7